Frankincense is an aromatic resin, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia, particularly B. sacra, B. carterii, B. frereana.,B. frereana. B. serrata, B. papyrifera and B. negleta. There are approximately twenty-five species in the Boswellia genus.
Frankincense is native to the Arabian Peninsula specifically Oman ,Yemen and also North East Africa (Somalia, Sudan and Egypt) and some parts of India. Frankincense comes from the Boswellia tree. There are 5 Major species of the Boswellia tree. The name frankincense is derived from an old French name franc-encens which means ‘high quality incense’.
Frankincense is a complex mixture of essential oils and alcohol soluble resins, and the remaining are water-soluble gums which are poly-saccharides.
ORIGIN OF THE NAME ‘FRANKINCENSE’
The trading Arabs called the milky sap of the frankincense tree al lubn (milk) The same word gave rise to the name of Lebanon, whose mountains were always capped by milky snow. Al lubn became olibanum (medieval latin), which is another name for frankincense.
the different Types of Frankincense, the most well known and used Frankincense of the four we offer is our Frankincense Carterii essential oil. Besides its intoxicatingly smooth, and relaxing aroma, Frankincense Carterii has a knack for charming users with its many therapeutic properties. This oil is high in alpha-pinene, and other monoterpenes, making it a great immune support. Frankincense Carterii has many benefits towards the skin, such as reducing the appearance of mature skin and scars due to its ability to repair skin cells. The respiratory system can also benefit from Frankincense, as it aids illnesses and breathing. The aroma of Frankincense Carterii is what most people are familiar with, and is commonly used in making natural incense and resin burning. It has a deep, rich, grounding aroma which touts the ability to quiet the mind, support focus, and encourage tranquility
TYPES OF FRANKINCENSE
There are seven main species of frankincense (Boswellia) that produce true frankincense in this world. Frankincense comes in many grades, and its quality is based on age, purity, aroma, and colour. Type of frankincense grades include; grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ. Geographical conditions create diversity in the gum resins of plants like Boswellia. Many aromatherapists agree that though Frankincense is a highly variable species, the benefits are very much the same.
the different Types of Frankincense Gum resins obtained from trees of the Burseraceae family (Boswellia sp.) are important ingredients in incense and perfumes. Extracts prepared from Boswellia sp. gum resins have been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-neoplastic effects. Essential oil prepared by distillation of the gum resin traditionally used for aromatic therapy has also been shown to have tumor cell-specific anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities. The objective of this study was to optimize conditions for preparing Boswellea sacra essential oil with the highest biological activity in inducing tumor cell-specific cytotoxicity and suppressing aggressive tumor phenotypes in human breast cancer cells.
Frankincense neglecta white Resin
Boswellia carterii and Boswellia sacra
It grows in Somalia and the Dhofar valley in Oman. This valley is still the leading source of frankincense in the world today and the highest quality resin (silver and hojari) are only found there. The trees of Boswellia sacra are considered unusual because they can grow in harsh environments even on a solid rock. It is harvested in Sanaag and Bari regions in Somalia. In Dhofar, which is in Oman Boswellia sacra grows north of Salalah.
Boswellia carteri and Boswellia sacra are considered one of the highest quality frankincense resins are generally recognized as a single, highly variable species. A study in 2012 conclusion that B. sacra and B. carterii are not synonymous but rather two distinct and individual frankincense species
The Boswellia sacra tree produces frankincense resin when they are 8-10 years old. After small incisions have been made on the tree trunk or branches of the tree, the resin is drained or tapped and a milky substance comes out the tree which coagulates when in contact with air. This is often collected by hand. Boswellia sacra has got an aroma that is green and refreshing which smells like sweet camphor and lime. Boswellia sacra is composed of about 5–9% essential oil, 65–85% alcohol-soluble resins, and the remaining water soluble gums 30–40%
Boswellia sacra has the highest levels of alpha-pinene which is typically coming from Oman an is an oil-rich resin with oil yields around 9-10% essential oil and with alpha-pinene levels up to 80%. The alpha-pinene comprise of important compounds derived from frankincense essential oil that exhibit various biological activities, which makes them useful for various applications and uses, e.g., as fungicidal, antiviral, and antimicrobial agents.
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