Infectious Diseases of Global Concern

The history of infectious diseases is very long. Finding the ways to manage most of the infectious diseases has become a relief for the whole world especially the developing countries. The credit, of course, chiefly goes to the World Health Organization (W.H.O) for its relentless efforts to manage the crises. However, there still remains a number of diseases which continue to pose a threat to the global population and whose rate of spread can be very high. Some of the notorious infectious diseases of global concern include TB, malaria, HIV/AIDS, cholera, and hepatitis. Collectively, these diseases have caused an overwhelming number of deaths in the whole world, more so in Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounts for more than half of the fatalities. The article “Emerging Diseases Remain a Global Concern” summarizes the information on some of these diseases and steps towards finding a solution on how to combat them.
TB is a bacterial infection caused by mycobacterium complex. Many drugs have been created, but multi-drug resistant strains continue to emerge. The resistance stems from mutations in the bacteria that makes both isoniazid and rifampin ineffective. Some other methods of resistance used by MDR-TB include drug modification and inactivation of enzymes, change of cell wall ligands and drug efflux systems that eject the drug before it acts. Its method of transmission involving the exchange of droplets through coughing makes TB a real threat for heavily crowded public places.
HIV/AIDS and cholera, though being under control in the United States and other developed countries, still remain a nightmare in the developing countries. Sub Saharan Africa has one of the highest rates of transmission of HIV/AIDS. Due to scarcity of clean water and lack of proper hygiene in Africa and other developing countries, cholera has also become one of the biggest causes of human mortality. The vaccine for malaria has remained elusive over the years. The drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum continues to cause fatalities among children and pregnant women especially in Asian and African nations. According to the research, malaria causes an estimated 1.3 million deaths annually, mainly among women and children.
The importance of this article to the nursing profession cannot be overemphasized. Nursing as a profession entails dealing with some of these infectious diseases on a daily basis. As such, the information contained in this article comes in handy as a way to adequately prepare the students to the expectations of their practice. There are many challenges in the nursing profession. Any information that sheds light on the reality of health state in the world is very important.
This article also summarizes the steps taken by various organizations in dealing with problems emanating from infectious diseases. Globally, W.H.O has been very active using community-based strategies to deal with the crises caused by infectious diseases. Some of these strategies involve the placement of adverts in the local and international media to aggressively campaign for the observation of hygiene. WHO has also facilitated the provision of free treatment and medication for most of these infectious diseases, especially TB. In addition, WHO has provided free condoms for distribution in countries with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
In conclusion, several diseases continue to be a cause of global concern. Among them, there are malaria, cholera, TB, and HIV/AIDS to name a few. Thanks to WHO’s coming up with and implementing global strategies, the number of fatalities caused by these diseases was significantly reduced. However, still a lot needs to be done in order to create an infection-free environment for the human population.
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  • barbarastone
  • 22 октября 2021, 20:17

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