Diabetes Mellitus Tips

Diabetes mellitus, often referred to as diabetes, is a medical condition in which body cells have difficulty absorbing and using sugar or insulin secretion is inadequate. This causes high blood sugar. The first signs are polyuria, persistent thirst — polydipsia and constant hunger — urinary incontinence called polyphagia.

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.

Diabetes type 1

Here, the body secretes insulin. Because people usually develop it before the age of forty, it is often referred to as childhood diabetes or early-onset diabetes. People do not talk about this type of diabetes because it is not half as prevalent as type 2 diabetes. However, it is also dangerous. Patients with type 1 diabetes should take insulin injections, which will improve sugar absorption throughout their lives. It controls your blood sugar level. They should also follow a special diet prescribed by their doctor.

Type 2 diabetes

For this type of diabetes, the body secretes insufficient insulin or the body's cells do not respond to insulin. They are insulin resistant. This is the most common type of diabetes. In fact, 9 out of 10 diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes.

To control this type of diabetes, you need to constantly monitor your blood sugar, start a serious weight loss program, change your diet and exercise a lot. But since these actions only control it, they will not cure it. It gradually gets worse as the body cells start to age and weaken and the immune system also weakens with age.

The patient will eventually need to take insulin in tablet form. The more ese you have, the more likely you are to get type 2 diabetes. This is mainly because es e secretion secretes certain chemicals that weaken the body's metabolism and cardiovascular system.

Ese balance is not the only factor promoting type 2 diabetes. You also have the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by not exposing your body to regular physical activity. Eating the wrong food also plays a role. You have to be careful about what you eat.

Gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes is common in pregnant women. Patients have very high blood glucose levels and their bodies cannot make enough insulin to use up the amount of sugar. If this diabetes is not stopped or controlled, it can lead to problems during delivery. This makes the baby larger than normal and this leads to a C-section.

Once this diabetes is diagnosed, patients should be given medications to control their blood sugar. Recent research suggests that eating high levels of animal fat and cholesterol may increase the risk of developing this type of diabetes. If you are still thinking of having children, you should limit the amount of cholesterol and animal fat you eat.

To check if you have diabetes, you should take any of the three most reliable diabetes tests below

A1C test

If the test result is 6.5% or higher, it means you already have diabetes. If it is between 5.7% and 5.99%, it means that you are already in the pre-diabetes stage. This means that your blood cell level is already higher than normal, but not high enough to diagnose diabetes. And if you’re lucky enough to get less than 5.77%, that means it’s normal.

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test

A result above 126 mg / dl indicates complete diabetes. If your result is between 100 mg / dl and 125.99 mg / dl, you are already in the prediabetes stage. If the result is less than 100 mg / dl it is enough to say that you are good.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

When your result is less than 140 mg / dl, this is normal. If the result is between 140 and 199.9 mg / dl, you are in your prediabetes stage and if it is 200 mg / dl or more, you already have diabetes.

However, every three tests can give you an extraordinary result. This indicates that the tested patient has poor glucose tolerance (IGT).

To control diabetes, you can change your diet to a low-sugar or sugar-free diet, participate in regular strenuous exercise and proper weight loss, and most importantly, inject or supplement regular insulin.

Uncontrolled and uncontrolled diabetes can lead to some of the following medical conditions.

Various eye diseases like cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy…
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  • 28 октября 2020, 13:59

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